The research unit's work aims to better understand the processes of innovation towards sustainable development of agriculture, agri-food and agro-industry and their conditions for success.
It is to analyze, in an interdisciplinary perspective associating human and social sciences, life, earth and environmental sciences and engineering sciences, the innovation processes at work in these sectors at a time of fundamental changes they are going through.
It is to analyze, from a multi-scale perspective, the innovation processes at work in the agricultural, rural, agri-food and agro-industrial sectors at the time of the fundamental changes they are going through.
Emphasis is placed on the diversity of types of innovation, on the phases of innovation (from the creation of new knowledge to marketing), on the roles of territories as a means of mediation and as a carrier of resources, from the local to the global.
Among the themes developed :
- sociotechnical transition to sustainable agriculture, managerial innovations in collective CSR initiatives,
- organization of the supply in the framework of the new supply chains, in particular for the complete valorization of the biomass of the new generation biorefineries,
- governance of multi-stakeholder innovation processes in competitiveness clusters.
The unit thus aims to produce reading and analysis grids useful to public and private decision-makers in their strategic thinking.
The INTERACT team
- ABDIRAHMAN Zam-Zam, Associate professor - PhD in management sciences
- ABID Tarek, Associate professor - PhD in management sciences
- BEN OTHMEN Marie-Asma,Associate professor - PhD in Economics
- BRAULT Nicolas,Associate professor - doctor in epistemology, Plant Breeding chair
- CEAPRAZ Ion Lucian, Associate professor - PhD in economics (mini-CV)
- CHEDRU Marie, Associate professor - PhD in management sciences (mini-CV)
- CHERNI-ALOUI Maryem,Associate professor - PhD in management sciences (mini-CV)
- COMBAUD Anne,Associate professor - PhD in geography (mini-CV)
- DANTAN Jérôme,Associate professor- PhD in computer science (mini-CV)
- DELHOUME Catherine, Associate professor - doctor in sociology
- DUBOIS Michel, Associate professor - HDR in philosophy
- ELLILI Yosra, Associate professor - PhD in Earth and Environmental Sciences
- EL RHABI Mohammed, Associate professor - HDR in Applied Mathematics
- FOURATI-JAMOUSSI Fatma, Associate professor - PhD in management sciences (mini-CV)
- GRANDGIRARD David, associate professor - PhD in agronomy, plant agro-physiology (mini-CV)
- LECLERCQ Christine,associate professor, agricultural engineer (mini-CV)
- LEROUX Valérie,associate professor - Ph.D. in Management Sciences
- LUPTON Sylvie, associate professor - HDR in economics; holder of the chair "Risk Management in Agriculture" (UniLaSalle / Groupama)
- MARRACCINI Elisa,associate professor, PhD in Agronomic and Environmental Sciences (mini-CV)
- OSTAPCHUK Mariia, associate professor, PhD in Economics
- RAKOTONANDRAINA Nalini, research engineer in agro-management
- RIZZO Davide,associate professor - PhD in agronomy of territories, chair Agromachinism and new technologies (mini-CV)
- SAUVEE Loïc,associate professor - HDR in management sciences (mini-CV)
- YATSKUL Andrii,associate professor- PhD in Life Sciences, Chair of Agro-Machinery and New Technologies (mini-CV)
- DELIGEY Amandine, research engineer in economic and environmental assessment
- DUBARRAL Eline, responsible for studies in sustainable bioeconomy
- ESSOFI Oumayma, responsible for studies in sustainable bioeconomy
- N’DAH Murielle, doctoral student in management science, Alliance Agri Avenir Chair
- RANDRIAMAROLO Marie-Rose, doctoral candidate in economic science, Chair Risk Management in Agriculture
- REY Olivier, agronomist
- COURTAUX-KOTBI Gaëlle, PhD in Economic Science
- DE AVILA SANTOS João Heitor, Doctor of Business Administration, consultant SPI (Sociedade Portuguesa de Inovação), Porto, Portugal
- RAKOTOVAO Miravo, PhD in Management Sciences, Bioeconomy Project Manager, CCI Hauts-de-France
- GUARNELLI Josselin, PhD in Management Sciences, Lecturer IAE Dijon, University of Burgundy
- RANDRIANASOLO-RAKOTOBE Hanitra, Doctor of Economic Sciences, Senior Lecturer, University of Paris Sud
- SNEESSENS Inès, Doctor in Agronomy and Environment, ICEDD, Belgium
Teaching and Research Chairs
The INTERACT unit is involved in four teaching and research chairs:
Chair of Agro-Machinery and New Technologies
The Chair in Agricultural Machinery and New Technologies responds to a need on the part of industrialists to anticipate changes in agriculture and new technologies in order to design agricultural equipment that is as close as possible to farmers' needs.
Contact: Davide Rizzo
Alliance Agri Avenir Chair
Based on the observation that preserving and promoting family agricultural and agri-food entrepreneurship makes it possible to respond to food, environmental and social issues and, more generally, to the challenges of sustainable regional development and planning (FAO, 2014), the Alliance Agri Avenir Chair raises the questions of the sustainability and durability of the family agricultural and agri-food business.
Led by the InTerACT research unit, and in collaboration with the Crédit Agricole Normandie-Seine, the Normandy Regional Chamber, the Valorial competitiveness cluster (and other companies in the process of being integrated), the work carried out within the Alliance Agri Avenir Chair aims to contribute to the emergence and dissemination of new scientific knowledge for the benefit of family entrepreneurship and the sustainability of territories.
Chair in Risk Management in Agriculture
The objectives of the Chair in Risk Management in Agriculture are to carry out an inventory of risks in agriculture and to build a model for managing these risks in order to provide farmers with new decision-making tools.
Contact: Sylvie Lupton
Plant Breeding Chair. Plant Breeding and Social and Technical Integration
Created in 2017, this chair is the result of a partnership between UniLaSalle and seed companies.
Its objective is twofold:
- In terms of teaching, it aims to train field breeders capable of integrating the latest technologies developed in plant improvement. This is the major objective of the Master Plant Breeding: since June 2017, this Master has obtained the Erasmus Mundus label, under the name emPLANT, Erasmus Mundus Program in Plant Breeding.
- As far as research is concerned, two axes are to be distinguished: axis 1 concerns the integration of new techniques and technologies in plant breeding, and in particular the use of ecophysiological models in breeding, as well as biocontrol techniques; axis 2 concerns the conditions influencing the societal acceptability of scientific progress applied to biology.
Contact: Nicolas BRAULT
Born from the synergy between researchers from the laboratories of the Universities of Reims Champagne-Ardenne and Amiens Picardie Jules Verne, the Condorcet federative research structure is based on the strong will of researchers from both regions to pool their skills and expertise in the field of agro-resource development, environment and sustainable development.
The SFR Condorcet, recognized by the CNRS since January 1, 2012, now brings together 24 public and private research structures. More than 600 research professionals work in this federation. It includes other regional institutions such as UniLaSalle, ESCOM, UTC, Agro Paris Tech, CentraleSupélec, as well as non-academic partners such as ARD (Agro-Industrie Recherches et Développements, in Pomacle) and Extractis (former Centre de Valorisation des Glucides, in Dury). It also extends to the Hauts-de-France region through the "Charles Viollette" Regional Research Institute for Food Processing and Biotechnology and the Environmental Chemistry and Interactions on Life Unit of the Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale.
The objective of SFR Condorcet is to federate the research activities of the laboratories, whether this research is public or private. To do this, the SFR Condorcet has set itself the main objective of helping the laboratories to develop new collaborative projects.
The transversal axis "Conditions for the emergence of a sustainable bioeconomy".
Within the framework of the 2018-2022 contract, the INTERACT research unit participated, alongside the EA REGARDS (URCA) and the UMR CNRS CURAPP (UPJV) in the implementation of the new cross-cutting theme "Conditions for the emergence of a sustainable bioeconomy". In this framework, the research carried out by the teams is interested in the transitons generated by the bioeconomy in multi-level and multidimensional logics, on the support of organizational changes and the construction of learning, from the farm to the collective (ﬁlières food and agro-industrial, production basins), as well as on the varieties of ecologically sustainable sectors and business models.
The Universities of Technology of Compiègne, Troyes and Belfort-Montbéliard and UniLaSalle took the initiative in 2013 to come together to promote human and social sciences in engineering environments with the creation of the UTSH GIS.
The GIS UTSH aims to federate the five SHS research teams from four institutions (COSTECH from UTC, Tech CICO and CREIDD from UTT, RECITS from UTBM, INTERACT from UniLaSalle).
These teams start from the observation that the situation of research in the humanities and social sciences in the context of engineering education has an impact on the structure, methods and content of this research.
Giving oneself the technological phenomenon as the primary object of research; thinking about technique and innovation; participating directly in research and technological development projects: all this poses the challenge of technological and methodological originality in the field of human and social sciences.
The Ingenium network brings together teachers and researchers in the disciplines of Human and Social Sciences within engineering training institutions. Its mission is to respond to the new needs that have emerged with the development of research in SHS in institutions of higher professional training, in particular to bring together researchers around new research topics that concern them and to constitute a reference structure in the field.
Organized as an association in June 2006, the network aims to welcome all teachers and researchers who wish to invest in research collaborations in France and abroad. The network is an independent organization, free from any ideological or commercial influence.
Its main objectives are to :
- Produce knowledge on the professions, activities and identities of engineers, for the benefit of professional circles (companies, public organizations, training and research centers, etc.).
- Articulate research in SHS and the professionalization of engineers, in particular to produce knowledge for teaching and to provide the tools for their didactization.
- To articulate research in SHS and research in engineering sciences, both in terms of objects studied and methods.
- To valorize the scientific knowledge produced through publications and events (seminars, study days, symposia).
- To constitute a relay between researchers and organizations for the financing and valorization of research.
- To constitute a reference research group for researchers working on the themes of the network and a resource for the training of doctoral students.
The Innovation Research Network was created in 2006 on the initiative of researchers in economics and innovation management from several research units in France and around the world.
More than 600 researchers and practitioners, 48 research institutions, 26 countries represented, 10 local authorities, 24 companies.
The Innovation Research Network was created to promote :
- the development of knowledge about the information and knowledge society;
- the intensification of links between the worlds of research and business;
- the analysis of the modes of appropriation of innovation by companies;
- the setting up and implementation of specific projects, assistance and advice;
- the dissemination of books, journals (in written or electronic form), newsletters and all types of publications related to the above-mentioned goals.
The STENOR federation - Sciences du Territoire en NORmandie - was created in spring 2015 as an interdisciplinary research federation bringing together several researchers from the Normandy region (Rouen, Caen, Le Havre) from several disciplinary fields. Its vocation is the study of the Normandy territory in all its dimensions.
The merging of the two Norman regions opens a new stage in the understanding of regional spaces as well as in the implementation of public policies, be they local, regional or national. On the latter scale, a set of recent laws (RCT, MAPTAM, NOTRe, etc.) guides regional recomposition in metropolitan France as well as relations between local authorities and State services.
In this doubly unprecedented context, the STENOR Research Federation has set itself the goal of understanding the geographic changes that are taking place in Normandy. In addition to their fundamental aspects, this research aims to support local decision-making at a time when new scales of decision-making (new municipalities, metropolitan centers), planning (inter-SCOT federation), regulation (PLU-I) and development (the Normandy Development Agency) are emerging.
This RMT will take over from the Fertilization and Environment RMT. Plant nutrition and crop production are at the heart of the issue of sustainable agricultural production: establishing strategies that allow the plant to use the nutrients available in the agrosystem, complemented with the right dose of inputs, minimizing their use and impact on the environment.
Nevertheless, these issues are being profoundly revisited in the light of changes in practices and cropping systems. These changes are induced by (i) the shift of agro-ecology to respond to the challenges of climate change, biodiversity conservation, and environmental and food quality, opening a growing place for organic agriculture, conservation agriculture, agroforestry, (ii) the voluntary transition to the circular economy to adapt to the scarcity of resources, leading to a wider mobilization of quality fertilizing materials from renewable resources, better use of nutrients from waste of increasingly varied origins and (iii) diversification of the methods of production and recovery of organic residues (various composts, methanization digestates) or minerals ("waste-sourced" derivatives): struvite, biochar, etc.) under the best agronomic, health and environmental conditions.
The RMT BOUCLAGE will conduct interdisciplinary work (notably in the fields of agronomy, agro-ecology and economics) aimed at 1) understanding the determinants of the practices, alone and in combination, mobilized for the management of biogeochemical cycles and crop fertilization and in a systemic and anticipatory approach, and 2) controlling their environmental and health impacts.
This network was labeled by the Ministry of Agriculture at the end of 2010 for 3 years. A new label was obtained for 5 additional years from 2014 to 2018, renewed for the period 2020-2024. The purpose of this RMT is to increase and enhance knowledge of soils for the sustainable development of rural areas. The newly labeled RMT maintains the initial objectives and accentuates the "soil" approach at the plot and farm level.
The RMT "Sols et Territoires" ("Soils and Territories") proposes to respond to two challenges:
- to know soils and to give access to knowledge of soils in agricultural and rural areas;
- to improve the consideration of soils in various agricultural, environmental and rural policies, projects and action programs.
It therefore aims to promote the consideration of soils in various themes, by favouring the cartographic and territorial approach.
This network brings together some thirty research, development and training partners:
- research institutes;
- chambers of agriculture and "affiliated" organizations in several regions;
- technical institutions;
- a land analysis laboratory;
- development companies and a regional association for the use of geographic data;
- a public establishment, CEREMA;
- higher education institutions in agronomy and universities specialized in different fields (geography, planning, law...);
- technical education institutions.
The RMT SPYCE (Systèmes de PolyCulture Elevage) ends its activity after 6 years and leaves its place to the RMT SPICEE (Structuring and Producing Innovation in Crop and Livestock Systems Together).
This new RMT will consolidate the work previously carried out and will take on a more important dimension on crop-livestock associations at the territorial level. A new dimension is integrated: that of the circular economy. It will also promote reflection on crop-livestock systems that are very economical in non-renewable resources.
38 organizations are involved (Chambers of Agriculture, Technical Institutes, agricultural cooperatives, etc.). It brings together zootechnical, agronomic and other skills.
In a context of increasing scarcity of fossil resources and global warming, the major challenge for tomorrow's agriculture is to improve the production efficiency of agricultural land to meet the dual need for sufficient, high-quality food production and a contribution to the production of renewable resources for energy, chemicals or materials, as well as the need to reduce negative impacts on the environment.
To achieve this, the challenge is to produce and mobilize agro-resources in the very place where they will be used, and to support the establishment of bio-economy sectors in the regions. The bio-economy is defined here as the economy based on the use of renewable carbon, in particular of agricultural origin, whether for food or non-food purposes. The development of these sectors and the way they operate will lead to changes in thinking and practices at the farm level but also at the territorial level. Thus, the "Network of IAR Demonstration Sites" project aims to establish the conditions for mobilizing the agro-resources that feed the bio-economy sectors, so that they are sustainable and create added value in the territories.
Financially supported by the Commissariat Général à l'Égalité des Territoires (CGET, ex DATAR), the Picardie Region and the ERDF between 2015 and 2020, the project brings together 16 scientific, technical and economic partners in Picardie.
Project led by Agro-Transfert Ressources et Territoires
Contact : Loïc Sauvée
Within the framework of the contract of objectives of the Normandy region led by the Regional Chamber of Normandy and the ACTA Normandy, and following the Fields of Innovation I project, the aim of the Fields of Innovation II project is to extend the acceleration and development of the triple performance of Normandy's farms by relying not on the "what" (the production of knowledge) but on the "how": to accompany change towards triple performance through three levers of action: sharing and dissemination of knowledge, appropriation of innovations and development of skills.
The project is structured around 4 operational objectives:
- Mobilize organizations around the development of agro-ecology (multi-partner governance that will ensure the steering of the project (monitoring and evaluation) / Facilitate the emergence of work from the sector angle / Organize a space for exchange on new topics related in particular to societal expectations).
- Transfer knowledge (Transfer agro-ecological knowledge to as many people as possible / Facilitate the appropriation of innovations / Accompany change / Accompany the implementation of changes on farms by relying on farmers' collectives and facilitation methods that allow farmers to be heavily involved in order to build responses that are best adapted to their contexts / Develop the skills of advisers in terms of both technical knowledge and change management postures).
- Exploring the social pillar (Addressing the fields of work organization, managerial and entrepreneurial skills of farmers, as levers of action towards triple performance)
- Communicate to bring positive adhesion and commitment to agro-ecology (A concerted and coordinated communication to accompany on the one hand all the actions that will be carried out in the field, and on the other hand the overall management of the project).
The work of the INTERACT unit focuses on the evaluation of innovation transfer by extending the research mechanism to the three project initiatives, namely the Innovation Forum, the Innovation Open Doors (POI) and the Prairiales. The objective of the research, focused on a panel of given innovative solutions, is to identify the modalities of innovation transfer and the complementarities between these different interfaces (or devices) for the transfer of innovative solutions (Forum, POI, Prairiales). In the end, the objective is to propose a grid for analyzing the "multi-channel" transfer of innovative solutions in agriculture.
Contact: Loïc Sauvée
This project, led by Stéphane Desobry (LIBio, University of Lorraine) and Bernard Kurek (FARE, University of Reims Champagne Ardenne), focuses on three major plant resources of the Grand-Est region (hemp, hops, oilseeds) to enable maximum use to be made of them in a circular economy.
This research project, which combines fundamental and application aspects, covers the entire value chain: production, fractionation, purification of biomolecules, development of biomaterials, energy recovery, soil amendment. The models that will be developed will make it possible to define a "reference" approach for a bioeconomic system at the national level that can then be used for other sectors.
In each recovery system, common or specific scientific obstacles must be overcome; this is the challenge that a very comprehensive consortium bringing together the vast majority of research actors in the region's agronomic and plant food sector will attempt to meet. Thus new methods of resource selection, innovative methods of fractionation (e.g. steam explosion), new methods of functionalization for materials (click chemistry), new purifications of biomolecules of interest, new processes of valorization will be obtained.
The hundred or so researchers of the project and the associated infrastructures will allow to apprehend a territorialized bioeconomic system with complementary approaches at the scientific and technical level.
Finally, the industrialists of the bio-economy sector will be essential actors in order not to lose sight of the objectives and the socio-economic impact that we want to give to the project. The training of new generations of professionals will also be associated through projects and internships to transmit our multidisciplinary approach and give them the desire to invest in the emerging sector of the regional bioeconomy.
Within the framework of this project, the INTERACT unit is more specifically interested in two themes:
- Agricultural identities and new stakeholders facing the bio-economic transition.Through a longitudinal approach, the research will aim to see how the representations and effective roles of stakeholders evolve over time, particularly in relation to their professional practices and their interfaces of influence (media, social networks, etc.). We will seek to better understand the evolution of controversies specific to the bioeconomy and how they are shaped.
- New business models for the bioeconomy and the place of farmers in the value chain. The research develops a systemic perspective on agricultural value chains in the bioeconomy (notably hemp), risk representation; approaches to agronomic, economic and environmental performance, and aims to propose a typology of new business models emerging in the bioeconomy. Emphasis will be placed on the place of the agricultural sector, both in governance and contracting arrangements and in its role in the creation and capture of value.
Contact: Loïc Sauvée
The methods currently used to calculate the GHG balance of territories do not take into account variations in the carbon stock of agricultural soils, or do so on a flat-rate basis (such as the Climagri tool, Doublet, 2013) and independently of the actual practices of local farmers. However, these stock variations, whether positive or negative, can make a significant contribution to the GHG balance of agricultural activities. In this sense, the 4 per 1000 initiative launched by France aims to study the possibility of offsetting a share of GHG emissions by increasing the stock of organic carbon in soils.
The aim of the project is to make the ABC'Terre approach operational and applicable throughout metropolitan France. The ABC'Terre approach makes it possible to design and evaluate strategies for optimizing the management of soil organic carbon and mitigating the GHG balance of cropping systems, on the scale of a territory. It is also to allow the appropriation of this approach by its future users.
The objectives of this project are to :
- Simplify, improve and automate the method for calculating the GHG balance and other links of the ABC'Terre method,
- to make this prototype method operational and transposable to all French agricultural territories,
- prepare the transfer of the method to its future users.
The central result expected at the end of the project is a territorial diagnosis and simulation of carbon flows in agricultural soils (organic carbon storage/CO2 emissions) and GHG emissions from cropping systems within territories. This approach is intended to be operational, transposable to many French agricultural territories, formalized in a practical way and framed on the technical and legal levels.
The users of the ABC'Terre approach are referent facilitators such as agricultural advisers in chambers of agriculture, who will have been previously trained to the tools that structure the approach. These "ABC'Terre referent" facilitators will deploy the approach for the final beneficiaries, who are the managers of rural territories or the local authorities.
Contact: Yosra Ellili
The "TYPTERRES" typology proposes agronomic types of soils, based on the Regional Pedological Reference Frameworks (RRP, GIS Sol - Inventory of Soil Management and Conservation). The objective is to understand the agronomic properties of the soil diversity of a territory by means of an agronomic classification of soils:
- Easily shareable within a territory,
- Simple and easy to understand,
- Operational for agronomic advice,
- Complete and homogeneous within a territory.
The typology is the result of a grouping of Soil Typological Units (STU) into "TYPTERRE" Units (TTU). The geographic and semantic database of RRPs is the data source used to build the "TYPTERRE" units. A set of objective classification criteria are thus applied to the existing data (RRP). The ranking criteria consist of an ordered series of sorts applied to variables describing soil properties at the SWU and strata levels. The selected properties concern: i) parent material (geology); ii) degree of evolution of the profile; iii) variables of agronomic interest (coarse elements, texture, hydromorphy, depth, limestone).
Then another aggregation criterion is the surface area of the SWUs, determining the "dominant" types and the "minority" types. The "minority" types can be added to the dominant ones, ignored or aggregated between them or left separate if they present particular characteristics.
In addition, to facilitate a good understanding and identification of what each of the TSUs represents and in particular communication with farmers, the names of the TSUs are associated with the vernacular names used in each territory.
The simplicity and ease of use of TYPTERRES is mainly based on the aggregation of STUs into TUs, aiming to reduce the number of soil types per department. The average number of soil types is thus reduced from 200-300 to less than 80. The comparison and pooling of some of the TTUs of a territory with those of neighbouring territories leads to a reduction in the total number of TTUs created for the union of these territories.
The operational character of the typology for the agronomic council consists in the description of the TUs with modal values of the quantitative variables and the main values of the qualitative variables of agronomic interest. In addition, other variables not present or incomplete in the RRPs are calculated or estimated by pedotransfer rules. This is the case, for example, of the Useful Water Reserve. These variables are then used as input data for many Decision Support Tools (DSTs), eventually establishing an interoperable database between DSTs.
Another advantage of "TYPTERRES" is the link maintained with the source of geographic and semantic data, which is the RRP, a national mapping program that will cover the entire French territory by the end of 2018. This source guarantees the richness, quality and homogeneity of the soil description methods taken into account.
Contact: Yosra ELLILI
The DOP' Picardie project (2020-2022) is a project funded by the EAFRD, the rural development program of Picardie, led by UniLaSalle (Guénolé BOULCH) and involving 4 networks of major partners (Val France, Terres Inovia, Oise Chamber of Agriculture and farmers). The aim of the project is to develop an integrated soybean industry combining security of supply, environmental management and high value-added outlets. Within this framework, the project aims to provide answers from the field and tested in situ for immediate transferability to three key regional themes:
- "The production and consumption of plant proteins in a territorialized organization".
- "Anticipating, mitigating and adapting to climate change".
- "Innovative ecological practices and modes of production" ...
The InTerACT team is mainly involved in the WP2 on agronomic optimization and the WP3 and WP4 of the project on the identification of key success factors for a sustainable territorial anchoring of the soybean sector from an economic and social point of view on the one hand and on the other hand on the organization of the sector and the development of a local French production:
- WP2: (led by David Grandgirard) Diversification of rotations and cropping systems to meet the challenges of reducing the agro-environmental impact on natural resources (water and air) imposed by the progressive ban on herbicides and expected by farmers as a lever for controlling autumn weeds; optimization of cropping practices (densities, spacing, sowing dates, weed management).
- WP3: (led by Catherine Delhoume) Understanding the existing collective dynamics, support for the diffusion of innovation. Identification of farmers who are carriers of innovation and their territorial scope (organizational, geographical, etc.). Identification of the action levers to be triggered for the swarming of innovation and the territorial governance of innovation.
- WP4: (led by Lucian Ceapraz) Identification with farmers and collectors of innovative outlets (with high added value). Co-construction of economic projects with stakeholders.
The "DIVERCROP" project (2017-2020), is a European program ARIMNET2, piloted by INRA of Avignon. The project aims to understand the impact of land use change on biodiversity and food supply in the Mediterranean. The INTERACT unit is involved in the co-coordination of the WP2 of the project ("Land system dynamics at the Mediterranean basin level") with the EMMAH RU of INRA Avignon and also participates in the WP4 of the project on the articulation between land use modelling for the whole Mediterranean basin and local case studies.
Contact: Elisa Marraccini
The GeRiCo project, (AFB & MAA funding), led by the FNAB, consists in studying a mechanism to cover the risks related to the adoption of new techniques. Its objective is to provide organic producers with concrete solutions to avoid contamination and compensate for their economic impact on farms.
InTerACT is participating in this project through the creation of a working group bringing together producers, insurers, members of the administration and researchers specialized in agricultural risk management. The group will enable to lead to concrete proposals, formalized in a written deliverable.
Contact: Sylvie Lupton
The Soy Made in Normandy (SMN) project aims to develop the organic soybean industry in Normandy through innovative technical itineraries built on agro-ecological practices (guaranteed GMO-free production, low-input approach, and low carbon footprint), creating value for the entire chain (farmers, collectors, manufacturers, consumers).
The SMN project is part of the Regional Plan (issue 1) which is to encourage experimentation and research on plant protein crops adapted in Normandy, to boost their production, with its two priorities to Promote and support R&D and Innovation (RDI) projects that meet the demands of industry operators and the local pedoclimatic context on the one hand and on the other hand to promote the emergence of new production.
The SMN project was built by aggregating the expertise in plant sciences and agronomy of 3 research units (EVA - INRA/University of Caen; UniLaSalle (AGHYLE, INTERACT); Glyco-MEV - University of Rouen) members of the Normandy Plant Research Federation (FED4277), the technical institute Terres Inovia, the Normandy Chamber of Agriculture (CRAN), agricultural cooperatives (Agrial, Coopérative de Creully) and 2 companies (Agrauxine by Lesaffre, Via Végétale).
The UniLaSalle team, through the INTERACT and AGHYLE Units, is involved in several actions of the project respectively:
- Action 1 on the analysis of the development potential of soybean cultivation in the Normandy Region & evaluation of soybean varieties adapted to the Normandy pedoclimatic contexts as lead partner with Terres Inovia.
- Action 2 on the optimization of practices to promote the establishment of symbiosis and the implementation of culture as a Leader with Glyco-MEV
- Action 3 on the optimization of mineral nutrition (P, S, Fe) in interactions with atmospheric nitrogen fixation during the post-implantation development phases and also
- Action 5 on project coordination, communication and valorisation
This project will have several expected impacts in terms of sustainability criteria on the economic, societal and environmental levels.
An Institute for Energy Transition addressing the need to create new channels for the valorization of plants for industrial purposes in a dynamic of sustainable development, the PIVERT program, led in particular by the UTC, the IAR cluster and Sofiprotéol, is the only Institute for Energy Transition (ITE) on the scale of the territory dedicated to the development of plant chemistry. Within this framework, the INTERACT team is involved in two projects: MIT1 and UpstreamBioRaf.
Contact : Loic Sauvée
INTERACT, in collaboration notably with COSTECH (UTC) and CREIDD (UTT), is participating in the work module entitled "Biorefinery: towards an industrial metabolism".
In this project, UniLaSalle and its partners are exploring the economic, institutional and organizational feasibility of new supply chains for these biorefineries, in relation to modes of organization of agricultural production, agri-supply, collection and primary processing. The conditions for the constitution of an agro-industrial ecosystem associating agriculture and research and development activities are also addressed. At the same time, the societal dimension is developed through the question of the acceptance of breakthrough innovations by the agricultural and rural world, as well as the sociological conditions of the professional transition of the agricultural world.
Contact: Loic Sauvée
The INTERACT team is in charge of this project with COSTECH (UTC), CREIDD (UTT) and CETIOM as partners. The introduction of biorefineries induces a deep rupture in the upstream agricultural sector because it modifies the roles, functions and place traditionally devoted to agriculture. The supply systems are likely to evolve both in terms of the functional contribution of their entities (particularly in a logic of industrial ecology) and in their modes of interaction (learning and collective action phenomena).
The project's ambition is to
- to build an analytical framework allowing to seize these mutations,
- to draw out the perspectives in the form of territorial development scenarios,
- to create support and development approaches and tools to overcome constraints and sustain the supply of diversified and competitive biomass to biorefineries.
Contact: Loïc SAUVÉE
Funded by the Tuck Foundation.
The ETHANORG project seeks to assess the impact of the gradual emergence of energy crops on agricultural markets and the organization of production basins. It is divided into two complementary axes that are being dealt with simultaneously. The first axis seeks to assess the impacts of the liberalization of ethanol markets on trade, French production and competition between food and energy supply, while the second axis focuses on the consequences of the mobilization of energy resources on the functioning and evolution of the ethanol industry in the major French production basins.
Contact: Loic Sauvée
"Prospective Diagnosis of the Picardy Sugar Beet Sector".
Funded by the Regional Council of Picardy and conducted in partnership with the University of Picardy Jules Verne and the Brazilian Universities of Rio de Janeiro and Fluminense.
The DIPROBE project aims to analyze the socio-economic impacts that the reform of the European sugar regulation may have on Picardy and to establish scenarios for the evolution of the beet sugar sector that can be used as a decision-making aid for stakeholders.
Contact: Loic Sauvée
European project 6th PCRD financed by the European Commission, led by the University of Copenhagen and which brings together 52 partners (academic, professional, institutional) from 16 European countries and 4 countries outside Europe (USA, China, Brazil, South African Republic).
The part taken care of by UniLaSalle researchers includes a grid for reading strategies for differentiating pork sector products from the point of view of the organizational modes and governance mechanisms implemented and then associates it with the evaluation of performance levels (financial, commercial...) obtained at different levels of the sector.
Private and public certification brands, brands of cooperatives and producer groups, private labels and industrial brands are studied.
Contact : Loic Sauvée
European project FP7, funded by the European Commission and led by the University of Ghent in partnership with 8 European universities.
The project, which focuses on innovation processes in agri-food SMEs, combines scientific research with the development of practical tools for entrepreneurs, network organizations and public decision-makers by intervening at two levels: that of the individual company and that of the network contributing to innovation, by studying the functioning of the latter as a whole and its effects on innovation. The final objective of the project is to increase the learning capacities of agri-food SMEs in the field of innovation.
Contact: Loic Sauvée
As part of the Normandy region's contract of objectives, the aim of the Fields of Innovation project is to accelerate the development of triple performance on farms in Normandy by relying not on the "what" (the production of knowledge) but on the "how": to accompany change towards triple performance by relying on 3 levers of action: the sharing and dissemination of knowledge, the appropriation of innovations and the development of skills.
The project is structured around 5 operational objectives:
1° To mobilize the organizations around the development of agroecology (A multi-partner governance which will ensure the piloting of the project (monitoring and evaluation) / To facilitate the emergence of work from the sector angle / To organize a space of exchange on new topics in connection in particular with the societal expectations).
2° Transfer knowledge (Transfer knowledge in agro-ecology to the greatest number of people / Facilitate the appropriation of innovations / Accompany change / Accompany the implementation of changes on farms by relying on farmers' collectives and animation methods that allow a significant involvement of farmers to build the responses best suited to their contexts / Develop the skills of advisers both on technical knowledge and on postures for accompanying change).
4° Explore the social pillar (Addressing the fields of work organization, managerial and entrepreneurial skills of farmers, as levers for action towards triple performance)
5° Communicate to bring positive adhesion and commitment to agro-ecology (A concerted and coordinated communication to accompany on the one hand all the actions that will be carried out in the field, and on the other hand the overall management of the project).
Project piloted by the Regional Chamber of Normandy and ACTA Normandy
Contact : Loïc Sauvée
Awareness of the value of grasslands is necessary to arbitrate between the right to turn them over and an incentive to maintain or restore them. It implies that we must be able to estimate the economic value generated by grassland production (in terms of ecosystem services rendered) by considering the plurality of types of agriculture, the forms of value added by different sectors and territories. In order to provide objective elements for estimating the value of grasslands, it is necessary to measure indicators that enable us to assign use and non-use values to them in order to access their total economic value.
The scientific objective of this project is to bring elements of answer to the following question: What is the economic value of grasslands taking into account (1) the plurality of their dimensions (use and non-use value) and (2) the diversity of scales expected from their valuation?
The operational objectives of the project are as follows:
To identify and perfect existing decision support tools for farmers, industry managers (sheep and cattle farms, local products, etc.), professional agricultural organizations (OPA), and local authorities,
Analyze the coherence and effectiveness of public incentive strategies for maintaining grasslands in Normandy.
Project partners: Parc Naturel Régional des Boucles de la Seine, Chambre Régionale d'Agriculture de Seine Maritime, EPLFPA of Yvetot (76).
Contact: Marie-Asma Ben Othmen
The "Vallées habitées" action-research allows us to question the evolution of landscapes and developments in a rural world abandoned by the peri-urbanization of the large conurbations of Normandy and Paris. Its aim is to mobilize the system of local actors in the programming of appropriate and synchronized actions in architecture, urban planning and agriculture, aimed at requalifying the residential and presential economy of the villages located at the bottom of valleys.
The 3 main objectives are the following:
- To put an end to the excessive consumption of natural and agricultural spaces, to the benefit of urbanization and economic activities of the towns located on the well-served plateaus of the Eure, by reviving the urban and economic dynamics of the inhabited valley bottoms.
- To define the profiles of residents and assets capable of using and developing local resources (built/nature/energy).
- Establish the conditions for receiving these profiles (networks of actors/public policies).
- There are three types of issues at stake:
- Recycling of already urbanized land, in particular by encouraging the recycling of wasteland in the valley bottoms.
- Revaluation of the heritage, in particular by promoting the rehabilitation of existing housing.
- Preservation and restoration of ecological continuities by reinvesting in dry hillsides and wet meadows
Project partners: Ecole Nationale du Paysage de Versailles, Ecole Nationale de l'Architecture de Rouen, Conseil de l'Architecture et de l'Urbanisme de l'Environnement 27.
Contact: Marie-Asma Ben Othmen
The Mixed Technology Network (MTN) AgroforestryS is a network of nearly fifty partner structures (90 members) in research, training and development, gathered around the theme of agroforestry in France. This network aims to create sustainable links between the partners of the network for the development of agroforestry.
The general objective is to pool the skills, expertise and other resources of the different partners for the development of agroforestry, in order to develop technical and methodological tools for the implementation and management of agroforestry plots.
The activities of the RMT AgroforestryS are articulated around 5 actions:
- Creation of a national observatory of agroforestry - Networking of actors,
- Analysis of the dynamics of appropriation of agroforestry projects - Pooling and exchange of know-how,
- Foresight and coordination for the setting up of R&D projects in agroforestry,
- Tools and resources for the setting up, local and territorial management of agroforestry systems,
- Mobilize initial and continuing education, from CAPA to engineer.
InTerACT, a founding member of the RMT and historical leader, is in charge of coordinating with the Ariège Chamber of Agriculture the census, the expertise and the provision of sufficient and necessary tools and information resources for the co-design, the evaluation, and the implementation and management of efficient agroforestry systems (Action 4, now WG 7). Its leitmotiv: to assist agricultural advisory services and training to have all the assets and provide comprehensive, integrative training of all the components of FAS maximizing the chances of success of such innovative agricultural systems. It is also involved in WG6 dedicated to agroforestry training.
Contact: David GRANDGIRARD
The HOMTEC project, supported by the Picardie Regional Council, associates the COSTECH laboratory (UTC), the pilot of the project, and the INTERACT research unit.
The central objective of this project is to provide an epistemological, historical and empirical investigation of the question of the singularity of methods, practices and goals of SHS research when it is part of a universe of technological training and research.
It takes shape through three axes:
- a historical, sociological and epistemological reflection on the ways in which SHS is integrated into engineering training;
- a description of the actual practice of SHS research in our technological universities and engineering schools;
- an epistemological reflection on certain effective and possible relationships between SHS research and innovation, based on case studies of past and current projects at UTC and UniLaSalle. This project is part of the activity of the UTSH ISU.
Contact: Loïc SAUVÉE
The INTERACT team is a partner associated with this new RMT led by the Regional Chamber of Agriculture of Picardy, labeled for the period 2014/2018. This RMT aims to gather, capitalize and disseminate the knowledge already acquired, to define the priority lines of investigation, according to the needs of ongoing biomass projects, and to build specific joint R&D projects. It will maintain and strengthen a network of multidisciplinary actors, in place since 2008 through the Biomass Energy RMT. This "Biomass & Territories" network is focused on resolving the complex issues and challenges involved in developing the biomass sector.
It is organized around two axes:
- knowledge of the resource, and support for the deployment of the sectors in the territories;
- multi-criteria evaluation of the mobilization and emergence of the sector.
Contact: Loïc SAUVÉE
The PARASOL project (2015-2018) is an ADEME REACTIVE project aimed at elucidating the potential for integrating tree fodder of agroforestry origin into the ration and feed management systems of sheep farming systems. The objective is twofold: (i) to quantify the fodder potential of the studied silvopastoral systems without jeopardizing current and secondary incomes (tree biomass, landscape amenities, pollination and biodiversity...) and (ii) to draw up scenarios for the use of systemic agroforestry integrated into current livestock farming systems for the optimization of their fodder autonomy, the improvement of their environmental footprint and known socio-economic balances. For a climatic and cultural realism of the work undertaken, the work is carried out with a network of 9 farms located in 3 diversified agricultural regions: sheep systems in the Pyrenean Piedmont, mid-mountain systems in the Auvergne, silvopastoral systems on pre-grassland in the north-west.
Within this project, InTerACT and UniLaSalle are working (1) on the quantification of the available tree fodder biomass (on ash, apple, maple and walnut trees), (2) on the consequences of agroforestry systems on the behaviour and well-being of ewes, (3) on the evaluation of the overall performance of farms and socio-environmental aspects of the use of tree fodder in these systems. In the end, workshops and/or reference farms could be described and proposed as a basis for discussion on the possible redevelopment of grasslands or conversion to sheep agroforestry.
Contact: David GRANDGIRARD
The SCA0PEST program (2013-2019) is a DEPHY ECOPHYTO EXPE project funded by ONEMA to design, implement and test innovative cropping systems for which the use of synthetic pesticides and more particularly herbicides is restricted in order to meet the Ecophyto 2018 commitments announced.
While most of the innovative systems tested involve reductions (25 to 75%) in the use of certain families of pesticides, some systems have been designed and thought out to test the limits of the reasoning behind pesticide reduction and to create non-existent references outside of organic agriculture. Among these systems, the EXPE Res0pest, Vertical and SCA0PEST programs involve co-construction with the agricultural world and its practitioners and then testing revisited, complex, disruptive systems. SCA0PEST, a cultivation system in limiting soils, agroforestry without pesticides, deals more particularly with the problems of agronomic risk (dirt, production losses, yield qualities, continuous adaptation of rotations, mechanical weeding...) and eco-environmental opportunities (C balance, food autonomy, soil protection, ecological connectivity and landscape amenities). Established for 5 years now, it is also a place for intense educational exchanges as well as expert consultation for continuous adaptation and transfer of experiences and even references produced.
In addition to the new educational modules for farmers in conversion (agroforestry, AB) or in installation, many agrotechnical references and improvement paths are proposed to local and agricultural partners and/or published.
Contact: David GRANDGIRARD
Access all the publications of the INTERACT unit on Google Scholar.