Introductive lectures : Propagation systems and introduction to seed business – 2 credits
This module will introduce the Master program. There is a global demand for increasing yield and quality of varieties as well as resistance to biotic and abiotic stress. Professionals from seed companies, nurseries, processing industries will use examples to justify market-based approach in defining needs for breeding. Importance of integrated approach in term of production will be stressed.
Module 1 : Plant reproduction systems – 2 credits
The different reproductive systems will be reviewed in courses 1-3 with a special focus on both creation and seed or vegetative propagation.
Module 2 : Plant genetics – 2 credits
This module will remind fundamentals of plant genetics.
Module 3 : Genetic resources and diversity – 5 credits
As a prerequisite to any breeding project, genetic diversity should be evaluated properly using the most adapted tools and core collection should be built. These notions will be defined from examples.
Module 4 : Breeding strategies and methods – 7 credits
Based on specific characteristics of species, available germplasm and objectives, we will present the conception and setting up of an adapted strategy for breeding and methods. Practical examples of breeding projects for yield, quality, resistance to biotic and abiotic stress will be detailed by professionals.
Module 5 : Phenotyping theory and practice – 5 credits
Phenotyping represent often a time consuming and expensive bottleneck in selection. Transfer from controlled environments to field can be confusing. We will present also new non-destructive techniques recently developed. At the end we will introduce some databases and data analysis.
Module 6 : Population and Quantitative genetics – 6 credits
After introducing basic quantitative genetics and statistics, we will introduce markers and application for breeding and selection from crop examples with professionals. The specific issue of polyploidy species will be presented from examples (auto vs allopolyploids, aneupoloids).
Module 7 : Intellectual property principles and rationale – 2 credits
Module 8 : Regulations guidelines – 2 credits